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Jamshedpur - the Steel City
Jamshedpur, known as the Steel City, is India's first beautifully planned industrial township and is set amidst scenic natural surroundings. It is the headquarters of the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand. The city is situated on the Chota Nagpur plateau and is surrounded by the picturesque Dalma Hills. Two rivers, namely Suvarnarekha and Kharkai, flow on either side of the city. Also called Tatanagar, the city owes its rapid economic development to the industrial giant - the Tata group. Jamshedpur was known as Sakchi earlier. In the year 1904, when Jamshedji Tata decided to put up the country's first steel plant here, this former city of Bihar was named Jamshedpur in the honour of Jamshedji Tata. The city grew rapidly and today it's a fairly modern township equipped with several amenities for education, entertainment, sports and adventure. Currently Jamshedpur has a population of around 13.5 lakh and is considered as one of the larger cities in eastern India. Jamshedpur has the advantage of a cosmopolitan society where there are people from every nook and corner of India. This makes the city very interesting, multi-linguistic and multi-cultured.
The people of Jamshedpur proudly call themselves as Jamshedpur-ians. A lot of pride and emotion is associated with this word. There also exists a small industrial town, Adityapur, on the western side of Jamshedpur in the adjoining district of Seraikela Kharsawan. Adityapur houses several tiny, small and medium scale industries which primarily cater to the larger companies in and around Jamshedpur. Some of the larger scale companies located in Jamshedpur include - Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Tata Power, Timken, Tata Robins Fraser, Lafarge Cement, Telcon, BOC, Tata Technologies Limited, and TCIL. Also located close to Jamshedpur, in the Ghatshila block, is the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd.
Jamshedpur was declared the 7th cleanest city of India for the year 2010 according to survey by the Government of India. In a survey in the year 2007, Jamshedpur was declared the 7th richest city of India. The survey was conducted on the basis of the percentage of population whose annual income is more than 1 million Rupees. It has been predicted as the 84th fastest growing city in the world for the time-frame 2006-2020. A major part of the city is run by Tata Steel itself. Jamshedpur has been selected as one of the cities for the Global Compact Cities Pilot Programme by United Nations, the only one to be selected in India as well as the entire South-East Asia.
Adityapur - the main Industrial area of Jharkhand
The Adityapur Industrial Area is located in the Seraikela-Kharsawan district of Jharkhand just a few Kilometers away from the steel city of Jamshedpur. The Industrial area spans over an area of about 55 Square miles. It is spread over about 4000 acres of land in a stretch of 10 km on the southern part of the Tata - Chakradharpur state Highway. The entire industrial area of Adityapur is under the administrative control of the state government's independent body, viz. Adityapur Industrial Area Development Authority (known as AIADA). AIADA is in the process of acquiring more land to the extent of about 2000 Acres for setting up additional industrial units in years to come.
The Industrial Area consists of around 1200 small, medium and large industrial units having an annual average production of about Rs.1800 crores. There are numerous residential complexes, a few markets, a few small scale hospitals and clinics, etc. within the Adityapur Industrial Area.
The total investment in the Adityapur Industrial units is to the tune of Rs.1500 crores, which is increasing every year with large no. of units being set up.
The product range manufactured in the Industrial Area fall in the following segments - engineering, electronics, electrical, refractory & ceramics, plastics, rubber & other polymers, reinforced plastics, computer & other stationary, food products, glass products, steel, packaging, etc.
The Jharkhand state government is gradually working towards developing the Adityapur Industrial Area into a modern city providing all modern amenities for a small sized Industrial city. Several residential complexes have come over in the recent years and more are coming up. The markets of Adityapur have also grown with time. Two new bridges have come up to connect to Jamshedpur.
Jamshedpur and Adityapur together form a fairly large sized industrial populace with a decent economy creating better job opportunities and better standards of living for the local people and making it a better place to live amongst other cities in eastern India.